Publication No. 13243
Air Puck Set
Student Laboratory Kit
Materials Included In Kit
Air pucks, 3½" diameter, 30
Balloons, 5" round, 100
Additional Materials Required
Washers or pennies, 5
The materials in this kit are considered nonhazardous. Please follow all normal laboratory safety guidelines.
Please consult your current Flinn Scientific Catalog/Reference Manual for general guidelines and specific procedures, and review all federal, state and local regulations that may apply, before proceeding. Balloons may be disposed of in the trash. The air pucks are reusable and should be stored for future use.
Correlation to Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)†
Science & Engineering PracticesAsking questions and defining problems
Developing and using models
Planning and carrying out investigations
Analyzing and interpreting data
Constructing explanations and designing solutions
Disciplinary Core IdeasMS-PS2.A: Forces and Motion
MS-PS3.A: Definitions of Energy
MS-PS3.B: Conservation of Energy and Energy Transfer
MS-PS3.C: Relationship between Energy and Forces
HS-PS2.A: Forces and Motion
HS-PS3.A: Definitions of Energy
HS-PS3.B: Conservation of Energy and Energy Transfer
HS-PS3.C: Relationship between Energy and Forces
Cause and effect
Systems and system models
Energy and matter
Stability and change
MS-PS2-2. Plan an investigation to provide evidence that the change in an object’s motion depends on the sum of the forces on the object and the mass of the object
Answers to Questions
Air Puck Set
Investigate two-dimensional collisions and Newton’s laws of motion using air pucks powered by balloons. Illustrate inertia, velocity and acceleration of the air pucks as they glide across a smooth surface riding on a cushion of air.
Collisions only occur in systems containing more than one object. When objects that are made of hard materials (e.g., steel, glass, hard plastic) collide, elastic collisions occur resulting in objects bounding off of one another. When soft or sticky objects collide, the type of collision that results is referred to as inelastic. The difference between an elastic and inelastic collision depends on the kinetic energy of the objects before and after colliding. After two objects collide during an inelastic collision, the two objects stick together and move as one object. Kinetic energy does not change as a result of an elastic collision and decreases as a result of an inelastic collision.
F = ma
Newton’s Third Law of Motion indicates that for every force there is an equal and opposite reaction force. When one object pushes against another, the force of the first object is equal in magnitude and opposite in direction to the magnitude and direction of the force applied by the second object.
The purpose of this experiment is to investigate Newton’s laws of motion. A device called an air puck will be set in motion on a smooth surface by a gentle push from the investigator. The motion of the pucks in given situations will be observed and explained in terms of Newton’s laws of motion.
Air pucks, 2
Pennies or washers (optional)
The materials in this kit are considered nonhazardous. Please follow all normal laboratory safety guidelines. Horseplay or aggressive pushing of the pucks is not permitted.
Newton’s First Law of Motion
Newton’s Second Law of Motion
Newton’s Third Law of Motion
Student Worksheet PDF