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Chemical Bonding and the Properties of Solids—General, Organic and Biological Chemistry Kit

By: The Flinn Staff

Item #: AP8020

Price: $80.20

In Stock.

In the General, Organic and Biological Chemistry (GOB) Lab Kit: Chemical Bonding and the Properties of Solids, study the properties of common solids and the relationship between the type of bonding in a substance and its properties.

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Product Details

General, Organic and Biological Chemistry Looking for patterns in the properties of different substances can help us understand how and why atoms join together to form compounds. What kinds of forces hold atoms together? How does the nature of the forces holding atoms together influence the properties of a material?In this experiment, students study the physical properties of common solids and investigate the relationship between the type of bonding in a substance and its properties, volatility (odor), melting point, solubility, conductivity, hardness and brittleness. Students identify the type of bonding in a solid by comparing its observed properties to the general properties of covalent-network, ionic, metallic and molecular solids. Complete for 24 students working in pairs.


Materials Included in Kit: 
Aluminum shot, 30 g
Aluminum strips, pkg/3, 2
n-Hexane, 100 mL
Sand, 30 g
Sodium chloride, 10 g
Stearic acid, 10 g
Sucrose, 40 g
Dish, aluminum, disposable, 20 mL
Halite, clear, cleavable
Pipet, Beral-type, graduated, 24
Quartz, clear, rock crystal, 6

Correlation to Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

Science & Engineering Practices

Asking questions and defining problems
Planning and carrying out investigations
Analyzing and interpreting data
Engaging in argument from evidence
Obtaining, evaluation, and communicating information

Disciplinary Core Ideas

MS-PS1.A: Structure and Properties of Matter
MS-PS1.B: Chemical Reactions
HS-PS1.A: Structure and Properties of Matter
HS-PS1.B: Chemical Reactions

Crosscutting Concepts

Cause and effect
Scale, proportion, and quantity

Performance Expectations

MS-PS1-1. Develop models to describe the atomic composition of simple molecules and extended structures.
MS-PS1-2. Analyze and interpret data on the properties of substances before and after the substances interact to determine if a chemical reaction has occurred.
HS-PS1-1. Use the periodic table as a model to predict the relative properties of elements based on the patterns of electrons in the outermost energy level of atoms.
HS-PS1-2. Construct and revise an explanation for the outcome of a simple chemical reaction based on the outermost electron states of atoms, trends in the periodic table, and knowledge of the patterns of chemical properties.