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Safety Data Sheet (SDS)

SDS #: 395.1
Revision Date: December 3, 2018
SECTION 1 — CHEMICAL PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION

Hydrochloric Acid Solution 2.5 M - 5.9 M

Flinn Scientific, Inc. P.O. Box 219, Batavia, IL 60510 (800) 452-1261
Chemtrec Emergency Phone Number: (800) 424-9848
Signal Word
DANGER
SECTION 2 — HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
Hazard class: Skin and eye corrosion or irritation (Category 1). Causes severe skin and eye burns and damage (H314+H318). Do not breathe mist, vapors or spray (P260).

Hazard class: Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure; respiratory tract irritation (Category 3). May cause respiratory irritation (H335). Avoid breathing mist, vapors or spray (P261).

Hazard class: Acute toxicity, oral (Category 4). Harmful if swallowed (H302). Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product (P270).

Hazard class: Corrosive to metals (Category 1). May be corrosive to metals (H290).



Industrial exposure to hydrochloric acid vapors and mists is listed as a known human carcinogen by IARC (IARC-1).
Pictograms
SECTION 3 — COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
Component Name CAS Number Formula Formula Weight Concentration
Hydrochloric acid
Water

7647-01-0
7732-18-5
HCl
H2O
36.46
18.00
7.5-20%
80-92.5%
SECTION 4 — FIRST AID MEASURES
Immediately call a POISON CENTER or physician (P310).
If inhaled: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing (P304+P340). If in eyes: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do so. Continue rinsing (P305+P351+P338).
If on skin or hair: Immediately remove all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water (P303+P361+P353). Wash contaminated clothing before reuse (P363). If swallowed: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting (P301+P330+P331).
SECTION 5 — FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
Nonflammable, noncombustible solution.
In case of fire: Use a tri-class dry chemical fire extinguisher.
NFPA Code
None established
SECTION 6 — ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
Ventilate area and contain the spill with sand or other inert absorbent material, neutralize with sodium bicarbonate or calcium hydroxide, and deposit in a sealed bag or container. Absorb spills to prevent material damage (P390). See Sections 8 and 13 for further information.
SECTION 7 — HANDLING AND STORAGE
Flinn Suggested Chemical Storage Pattern: Inorganic #9. Store with acids, except nitric acid.
Store in a dedicated acid cabinet and away from any source of water; if an acid cabinet is not available, store in Flinn Saf-Cube™. Keep only in original container (P234). Keep container tightly closed (P233). Use only in a hood or well-ventilated area (P271).
SECTION 8 — EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
Wear protective gloves, protective clothing, and eye protection (P280). Wash hands thoroughly after handling (P264). Use only in a hood or well-ventilated area (P271).
Exposure guidelines: (as concentrated HCl) Ceiling 5 ppm (OSHA); Ceiling 2 ppm (ACGIH); IDLH 50 ppm. Irritation threshold is ~ 5 ppm so any irritation is sign of exposure (per OSHA)
SECTION 9 — PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
Colorless to pale yellow liquid. Pungent odor.
Soluble: Water and alcohol
pH: < 1
SECTION 10 — STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
Avoid contact with strong oxidizers, bases, metals, metal oxides, hydroxides, amines, and other alkaline materials. Incompatible with cyanides, sulfides, and formaldehyde. Corrodes metal, including steel. Produces heat and may splatter violently when diluted with water.
Shelf life: Good, if stored properly. See Section 7 for further information.
SECTION 11 — TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
Acute effects: Eye and skin corrosion. Respiratory irritation, coughing.
Chronic effects: Corrosive to teeth.
Target organs: Respiratory tract, teeth, skin, eyes.
ORL-RBT LD50: 900 mg/kg (as concentrated HCl)
IHL-RAT LC50: 3124 ppm/1hour (as concentrated HCl)
SKN-RBT LD50: N.A.
SECTION 12 — ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
Does not biodegrade in soil, may be toxic to aquatic life.
SECTION 13 — DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
Please review all federal, state and local regulations that may apply before proceeding.
Flinn Suggested Disposal Method #24b is one option.
SECTION 14 — TRANSPORT INFORMATION
Shipping name: Hydrochloric acid. Hazard class: 8, Corrosive. UN number: UN1789.
SECTION 15 — REGULATORY INFORMATION
TSCA-listed, EINECS-listed (231-595-7), RCRA code D002.
SECTION 16 — OTHER INFORMATION
This Safety Data Sheet (SDS) is for guidance and is based upon information and tests believed to be reliable. Flinn Scientific, Inc. makes no guarantee of the accuracy or completeness of the data and shall not be liable for any damages relating thereto. The data is offered solely for your consideration, investigation, and verification. The data should not be confused with local, state, federal or insurance mandates, regulations, or requirements and CONSTITUTE NO WARRANTY. Any use of this data and information must be determined by the science instructor to be in accordance with applicable local, state or federal laws and regulations. The conditions or methods of handling, storage, use and disposal of the product(s) described are beyond the control of Flinn Scientific, Inc. and may be beyond our knowledge. FOR THIS AND OTHER REASONS, WE DO NOT ASSUME RESPONSIBILITY AND EXPRESSLY DISCLAIM LIABILITY FOR LOSS, DAMAGE OR EXPENSE ARISING OUT OF OR IN ANY WAY CONNECTED WITH THE HANDLING, STORAGE, USE OR DISPOSAL OF THIS PRODUCT(S).
Consult your copy of the Flinn Science Catalog/Reference Manual for additional information about laboratory chemicals.