%A Pantsar,Markus
%D 2019
%J Frontiers in Psychology
%C
%F
%G English
%K enculturated cognition,Arithmetical cognition,Proto-arithmetic,Philosophy of mathematics,Cumulative cultural evolution
%Q
%R 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01454
%W
%L
%N 1454
%M
%P
%7
%8 2019-July-09
%9 Hypothesis and Theory
%#
%! The enculturated move to arithmetic
%*
%<
%T The Enculturated Move From Proto-Arithmetic to Arithmetic
%U https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01454
%V 10
%0 JOURNAL ARTICLE
%@ 1664-1078
%X The basic human ability to treat quantitative information can be divided into two parts. With proto-arithmetical ability, based on the core cognitive abilities for subitizing and estimation, numerosities can be treated in a limited and/or approximate manner. With arithmetical ability, numerosities are processed (counted, operated on) systematically in a discrete, linear, and unbounded manner. In this paper, I study the theory of enculturation as presented by Menary (2015) as a possible explanation of how we make the move from the proto-arithmetical ability to arithmetic proper. I argue that enculturation based on neural reuse provides a theoretically sound and fruitful framework for explaining this development. However, I show that a comprehensive explanation must be based on valid theoretical distinctions and involve several stages in the development of arithmetical knowledge. I provide an account that meets these challenges and thus leads to a better understanding of the subject of enculturation.