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360Science™: Calcium Carbonate and Shell Production

By: The Flinn Staff

360Science™ blends the best of student-engaging digital content with easily adaptable hands-on labs to offer your students a uniquely comprehensive learning experience.

In this lab experience, students evaluate how different concentrations of hydrochloric acid affect the time it takes to dissolve calcium carbonate then draw conclusions on how this relates to calcifying organisms and ocean acidification. Editable, differentiated instructions range from a time-sensitive prescriptive lab to full open inquiry, and robust online videos and content—including a virtual reality (VR) simulation—help students prepare for and better understand the labs they’re conducting.

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360Science™: Calcium Carbonate and Shell Production
Concepts: Acids and bases, neutralization, environmental chemistry
Outcomes: Ocean acidification and its impact on the human population can be difficult for students to understand. It is something that happens on a large scale and over an extended period of time. When measured against the human lifespan, it always seems like a distant problem. But on a geological time frame, it is occuring quite rapidly. Though this lab students will come to understand the effect of carbon dioxide on the ocean feedback mechanism. As levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere continue to rise, more of that gas is being absorbed by the ocean. The ocean buffering system is driven more towards the acidic side, lowering the ocean pH. Rising carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere are directly harming the ocean ecosystems through ocean acidification, which is interfering with many organisms’ ability to form shells. Students will see that higher concentrations of acid have a stronger effect on shell material and will be able to understand the effects this has on the ocean’s buffering system and the organisms living within.
Associated Phenomena: How does ocean acidification affect coral reef?

Our 1-year option provides access to all digital content for one year plus lab supplies for a single class of 30 students. Our 3-year option extends access to digital content to three years, with a 30% discount on refill supply kits years 2 and 3.

What is Flinn 360Science™?
We’re introducing a whole new way to teach experiential science! We’ve taken a hard look at science study from all perspectives and, thanks to the feedback of thousands of teachers nationwide, we’ve created a way to make it easier to provide personalized instruction while delivering the kind of lab experiences your students truly need.

Our new and comprehensive learning solutions are designed to bring science to life by giving you all the tools you need to incorporate more (and effective) hands-on learning in your classroom or lab. 360Science allows you to provide your students with the support they need to make real-world connections to key scientific principles and help make those abstract concepts concrete.

Every 360Science lab solves the most common challenges educators face in bringing more hands-on science to their students—from not having enough time to matching the right level of challenge for students’ abilities to providing appropriate background content, safety techniques, assessments and more.

Enable student-driven, blended learning through a unique combination of leveled lab instructions supporting prescriptive, guided- and open-inquiry lab exercises (see PDF resource for specific details) with robust digital content, such as videos and carefully curated Open Educational Resources (OER)—along with virtual reality and simulation exercises. From editable, digital instructions to assessments and alignment with Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), we have everything you need to improve mastery, remove the intimidation factor and foster your students’ natural curiosity.


Correlation to Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

Science & Engineering Practices

Analyzing and interpreting data
Using mathematics and computational thinking
Constructing explanations and designing solutions

Disciplinary Core Ideas

HS-PS1.B: Chemical Reactions
HS-ESS2.A: Earth’s Materials and Systems
HS-ESS2.D: Weather and Climate
HS-ETS1.C: Optimizing the Design Solution

Crosscutting Concepts

Patterns
Energy and matter
Stability and change

Performance Expectations

HS-PS1-5. Apply scientific principles and evidence to provide an explanation about the effects of changing the temperature or concentration of the reacting particles on the rate at which a reaction occurs.
HS-PS1-6. Refine the design of a chemical system by specifying a change in conditions that would produce increased amounts of products at equilibrium.
HS-ESS2-2. Analyze geoscience data to make the claim that one change to Earth’s surface can create feedbacks that cause changes to other Earth systems.