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Item #: AP10417 

Price: $46.17

In Stock.

360Science™ blends the best of student-engaging digital content with easily adaptable hands-on labs to offer your students a uniquely comprehensive learning experience.

In this lab experience, students explore the chemistry of calcium carbonate formation in saline solutions resembling seawater and investigate how the acidity of the solution and the presence of carbonate or bicarbonate ions affects the formation of calcium carbonate. Students then establish relationships between experimental models, the process of ocean acidification and the formation of calcium carbonate structures by marine organisms. Editable, differentiated instructions range from a time-sensitive prescriptive lab to full open inquiry, and robust online videos and content—including a virtual reality (VR) simulation—help students prepare for and better understand the labs they’re conducting.

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Item# AP10417 AP10517
Digital Access 1 Year 3 Year
Price $46.17 $63.49
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Product Details

Standards-aligned, Flinn’s 360Science The Fate of Carbonate in Acidifying Oceans presents essential concepts of ocean acidification, carbon dioxide uptake, and seawater chemistry through hands-on science activities designed to engage students. Mixing calcium chloride (CaCl2) and sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) in a sodium chloride (NaCl) solution will cause the precipitation of calcium carbonate (CaCO3), a white solid. Upon mixing of CaCl2 and sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3), also in a NaCl solution, an amount of CaCO3 will precipitate, but not as much as in the reaction with Na2CO3. Adding HCl to CaCO3 will cause partial solubilization of the solid. Students will correlate these chemical processes with the effect of ocean acidification on CaCO3 formation by marine organisms. Teachers can extend learning through guided inquiry into associated phenomena, “How does ocean acidification affect coral reef?”

Our 1-year option provides access to all digital content for one year plus lab supplies for a single class of 30 students. Our 3-year option extends access to digital content to three years, with a 30% discount on refill supply kits years 2 and 3.

What is Flinn 360Science™?

360Science is just one of the powerful learning pathways accessed via PAVO, Flinn’s award-winning gateway to standards-aligned science paired with engaging hands-on learning. We’ve made it easier to provide personalized instruction while delivering the kind of lab experiences your students truly need. These comprehensive learning solutions bring science to life by giving you all the tools you need to incorporate more (and more effective) hands-on learning in your classroom or lab. 360Science allows you to provide your students with the support they need to make real-world connections to key scientific principles and help make those abstract concepts concrete.

360Science labs provide four pre-written (and editable) lab options to allow you to meet the needs of all your students. 

Short-on-time Inquiry labs streamline activities, while retaining core concepts, so they can be completed within a shortened class period (approx. 30 minutes on average.)

Guided Inquiry Labs include additional detailed procedures for students and are designed for a standard class period, approximately 50 minutes. 

Open Inquiry Labs are intended for students who can work more independently and allow students to take ownership of their work. These labs take approximately 50-90 minutes to complete.

Advanced Inquiry Labs build on previous labs, adding a new challenge and are designed around student exploration. These labs are intended to be completed within 60-90 minutes.

360Science enables student-driven, blended learning combined with leveled lab instructions that support prescriptive, guided- and open-inquiry lab exercises (see PDF resource for specific details) that include robust digital content, such as videos and carefully curated Open Educational Resources (OER)—along with virtual reality and simulation exercises. From editable, digital instructions to assessments and alignment with Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), we have everything you need to improve mastery, remove the intimidation factor and foster your students’ natural curiosity.


1-Year Access

Materials Included in Kit:
Calcium chloride, CaCl2, 25 g
Hydrochloric acid solution, HCl, 3.0 M, 50 mL
Sodium bicarbonate, NaHCO3, 20 g
Sodium carbonate, Na2CO3, 20 g
Sodium chloride, NaCl, 75 g
Pipets, Beral-type, 100
Weighing dishes or paper

Correlation to Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

Science & Engineering Practices

Developing and using models
Analyzing and interpreting data

Disciplinary Core Ideas

HS-ESS2.A: Earth’s Materials and Systems
HS-ESS2.D: Weather and Climate

Crosscutting Concepts

Energy and matter
Stability and change

Performance Expectations

HS-ESS2-2. Analyze geoscience data to make the claim that one change to Earth’s surface can create feedbacks that cause changes to other Earth systems.
HS-ESS2-6. Develop a quantitative model to describe the cycling of carbon among the hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, and biosphere.