Item #: AP5914
An Activity Series Classic Lab Kit for AP® Chemistry guides students as to why some metals can “replace” others and why some redox reactions are spontaneous while others require a battery. Students also learn about reactivity for halogens.
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Classic AP Requirement 20—Determination of an Electrochemical Series
Students study a series of metals and nonmetals to determine their relative reactivity, then rank them according to their reactivity in an activity series. First, the reactivity of the metals is determined by reacting a series of metals with metal salt solutions. Second, the reactivity of the halogens are determined by reacting each of the halogens with a halide solution. Based on the observed reactivity in each case, students develop a separate activity series for the metals and the halogens.
Students understand why some metals can “replace” other metals, and why some redox reactions are spontaneous while others require a battery. Students also learn that the reactivity for the halogens is opposite that for the other families in the Periodic Table.
Complete for 24 students working in pairs.
The An Activity Series Inquiry Guidance and AP® Chemistry Curriculum Alignment Transition Guide available! Follow the link in Resources to find this valuable publication that lets you adapt this classic AP Chemistry experiment for guided-inquiry and correlate with the AP Chemistry curriculum framework.
Materials Included in Kit:
Copper foil, 1" x 12" strip
Copper(II) nitrate solution, 0.1 M, 75 mL
Hydrochloric acid solution, 1 M, 15 mL
Hydrochloric acid solution, 6 M, 20 mL
Iodine crystals, 0.5 g
Lead foil, 3" x 4"
Lead nitrate solution, 0.1 M, 75 mL
Magnesium metal ribbon, 12"
Magnesium nitrate solution, 0.1 M, 75 mL
Mineral oil, 200 mL
Potassium iodide solution, 0.1 M, 75 mL
Silver nitrate solution, 0.1 M, 75 mL
Sodium bromide, 1.5 g
Sodium bromide solution, 0.1 M, 75 mL
Sodium chloride solution, 0.1 M, 75 mL
Sodium hypochlorite solution, dropping bottle, 30 mL
Zinc foil, 1" x 10" strip
Zinc nitrate solution, 0.1 M, 75 mL
Additional Materials Required (for each lab group): Beral-type pipets, forceps, 24-well reaction plate, stirring rod, cork stoppers for test tubes, 13 × 100 mm test tubes, test tube rack.
*Advanced Placement and AP are registered trademarks of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, these products.
Correlation to Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)†
Science & Engineering Practices
Obtaining, evaluation, and communicating information
Using mathematics and computational thinking
Analyzing and interpreting data
Developing and using models
Constructing explanations and designing solutions
Planning and carrying out investigations
Disciplinary Core Ideas
HS-PS1.A: Structure and Properties of Matter
HS-PS1.B: Chemical Reactions
HS-PS2.B: Types of Interactions
Cause and effect
Energy and matter
Structure and function
Systems and system models
HS-PS1-1. Use the periodic table as a model to predict the relative properties of elements based on the patterns of electrons in the outermost energy level of atoms.
HS-PS1-2. Construct and revise an explanation for the outcome of a simple chemical reaction based on the outermost electron states of atoms, trends in the periodic table, and knowledge of the patterns of chemical properties.