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The Buffers in Household Products Inquiry Lab Solution for AP® Chemistry involves identifying regions in the neutralization of a polyprotic weak acid. Experiment results are used to identify buffering agents in eight household products.
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Big Idea 6, Investigation 15, Primary Learning Objective 6.20
Many household products contain buffering chemicals, such as citric acid, sodium carbonate, sodium benzoate and phosphates or phosphoric acid to safeguard their activity. Students discover the wide range of buffering action using this advanced inquiry lab activity.
The lab begins with an introductory activity to identify the buffering regions in the neutralization of a polyprotic weak acid. The results provide a model for guided-inquiry design of a procedure to determine the buffering agents in eight different household products, including foods and beverages and over-the-counter drugs. Procedures may include creating titration curves, calculating pKa values and analyzing the buffer capacity and composition. Students may recommend additional consumer products for further inquiry study.
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Complete for 24 students working in pairs.
HS-PS1-1. Use the periodic table as a model to predict the relative properties of elements based on the patterns of electrons in the outermost energy level of atoms.
HS-PS1-2. Construct and revise an explanation for the outcome of a simple chemical reaction based on the outermost electron states of atoms, trends in the periodic table, and knowledge of the patterns of chemical properties.
HS-PS1-3. Plan and conduct an investigation to gather evidence to compare the structure of substances at the bulk scale to infer the strength of electrical forces between particles.