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Kinetics of a First-Order Reaction—Chemical Demonstration Kit

By: Lew Brubacher, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON

Item #: AP6615

Price: $30.70

In Stock.

The Kinetics of a First Order Reaction Chemical Demonstration Kit is a simple display that improves student understanding of reaction order. First-order kinetics come alive as this hydrolysis reaction undergoes repeated color changes.

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Product Details

First-order kinetics come alive as this hydrolysis reaction undergoes repeated color changes of yellow and blue. Bromthymol blue indicator, tert-butyl chloride, water and a known amount of sodium hydroxide are added together forming a blue solution. tert-Butyl chloride reacts with water via hydrolysis to produce acid. When enough acid is produced to neutralize the base, the reaction instantly flashes to yellow—making it easy for students to recognize when a given amount of tert-butyl chloride has reacted. Students time how long it takes to neutralize each batch of base until all the tert-butyl chloride has reacted. Students use these time values to calculate the hydrolysis reaction order. A dramatic and simple demonstration that improves student understanding of the complex idea of reaction order. Teacher Demonstration Notes, along with a reproducible student worksheet and answer sheet are included.

Concepts: First-order kinetics, hydrolysis, indicators.
Time Required: 15 minutes


Materials Included in Kit: 
Acetone, 150 mL
Bromthymol blue solution, 0.04%, 20 mL
Sodium hydroxide solution, 0.1 M, 250 mL
Tert-butyl chloride, 10 mL
Pipet, Beral-type, extra fine tip, 14
Syringe, disposable, 20 mL

Correlation to Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

Science & Engineering Practices

Analyzing and interpreting data
Using mathematics and computational thinking
Constructing explanations and designing solutions

Disciplinary Core Ideas

MS-PS1.B: Chemical Reactions
HS-PS1.B: Chemical Reactions

Crosscutting Concepts

Cause and effect

Performance Expectations

MS-PS1-1: Develop models to describe the atomic composition of simple molecules and extended structures.