FlinnPREP™ Inquiry Labs for AP® Chemistry: Kinetics of Crystal Violet Fading
By: The Flinn Staff
Item #: AP7644
In the Kinetics of Crystal Violet Fading Inquiry Lab Solution for AP® Chemistry, students use spectroscopy methods and graphical analysis to determine the rate law for the reaction of crystal violet with sodium hydroxide.
Includes access to exclusive FlinnPREP™ digital content to combine the benefits of classroom, laboratory and digital learning. Each blended learning lab solution includes prelab videos about concepts, techniques and procedures, summary videos that relate the experiment to the AP® exam, built-in student lab safety training with assessments, and standards-based, tested inquiry labs with real sample data. FlinnPREP™ Inquiry Lab Solutions are adaptable to you and how you teach with multiple ways to access and run your AP® labs.
Big Idea 4, Investigation 11, Primary Learning Objective 4.2
Crystal violet is a common, beautiful purple dye. In strongly basic solutions, the bright color of the dye slowly fades and the solution becomes colorless. The kinetics of this “fading” reaction can be analyzed by measuring the color intensity or absorbance of the solution versus time to determine the rate law. In this advanced-inquiry lab, students use spectroscopy and graphical analysis to determine the rate law for the color-fading reaction of crystal violet with sodium hydroxide.
First, students construct a calibration curve of absorbance versus concentration for crystal violet using a series of known or standard solutions. This procedure provides a model for students to design experiments to determine the order of reaction with respect to both crystal violet and sodium hydroxide. Two dyes with similar structures, malachite green and phenolphthalein, are provided for optional extension or cooperative class inquiry studies.
Complete for 24 students working in pairs. A spectrophotometer or colorimeter as well as common laboratory equipment is required and available separately. A refill kit for the Kinetics of Crystal Violet Fading Advanced Inquiry Laboratory Kit is also available. A version of this lab is available as a Wet/Dry Advanced Inquiry Laboratory Kit for One Period (Catalog No. AP9475).
Materials Included in Kit: Crystal violet solution, 1%, 25 mL Malachite green, aqueous solution, 1%, 25 mL Phenolphthalein solution, dropper bottle, 1%, 30 mL Sodium hydroxide solution, 0.02 M, 500 mL Pipet, serological, 10 mL, 12
Additional Materials Required (for each lab group): Distilled or deionized water, beaker, spectrophotometer/colorimeter and computer interface with data collection system (optional), pipet bulb filler, stirring rod, stopwatch (if not using data collection software), lint-free tissue or lens paper.