Whether you’re lifting a box, playing hockey or flying to the moon, your physical motion and interactions are governed by Newton’s laws! In this activity-stations lab, students investigate inertia, force and acceleration using air pucks, carts and pulleys with hanging weights and balloon rockets, respectively. Each independent mini-lab activity takes 10–15 minutes to complete, and students may rotate through the stations in any order.
- Exploring Inertia and Newton’s First Law
- Newton’s Second Law—Mass versus Acceleration
- Optimizing Balloon Rockets Using Newton’s Third Law
Kit includes equipment and consumable supplies required to set up two stations for each activity—six student groups may be accommodated at one time! Teacher Notes with sample data and answers to all questions as well as comprehensive background information and reproducible student handouts, are provided. Activity-stations lab format lets you do more labs in less time!
Materials Included in Kit:
Assembled air puck, 4
Balloons, 5", assorted colors, pkg/50
Balloons, long, 5" x 24", pkg/50
Clothes pin, 3", 6
Fishing line, monofilament, 650 yd
Machine screw, end head slotted, gray, 3", 10–24, 2
Masking tape, ½" x 60 yd
Nut, steel, 10–24, ⅜", 2
Nut, zinc-plated steel, 4–40, ¼" w, 3/32" tall, 4
Pine board, with holes, ¾" x ¾" x 4½", 2
Plastic bag, standard duty, 4" x 6", 6
Pulley with table clamp, 2
Screw, stainless steel, 4–40, 1½" long, 4
Straws, flexi-end, pkg/50
String, thin, ball of ⅙ lb, 331 m
Wheel, plastic, assorted colors, 1½" diameter, 8
Correlation to Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)†
Science & Engineering Practices
Developing and using models
Asking questions and defining problems
Planning and carrying out investigations
Analyzing and interpreting data
Using mathematics and computational thinking
Engaging in argument from evidence
Disciplinary Core Ideas
MS-PS2.A: Forces and Motion
MS-ETS1.A: Defining and Delimiting Engineering Problems
HS-PS2.A: Forces and Motion
Cause and effect
Systems and system models
Structure and function
HS-PS1-2: Construct and revise an explanation for the outcome of a simple chemical reaction based on the outermost electron states of atoms, trends in the periodic table, and knowledge of the patterns of chemical properties.
HS-PS1-4: Develop a model to illustrate that the release or absorption of energy from a chemical reaction system depends upon the changes in total bond energy.
HS-PS3-2: Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motion of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative position of particles (objects).