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Common Gases—Student Laboratory Kits

By: The Flinn Staff

In the Common Gases Chemistry Laboratory Kit, students prepare microscale amounts of five common gases. Next, students investigate the characteristic physical and chemical properties of these gases.

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Product Details

Colorless, odorless, tasteless—the chemical and physical properties of many gases make them invisible to our senses. But we know they exist because gases have properties we can test. Some gases are lighter than air. Other gases are flammable. While others have a distinct odor or color. In this experiment, students prepare microscale amounts of five common gases: hydrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and ammonia. They then investigate the characteristic physical and chemical properties of these gases. Includes reproducible student handouts, detailed background information, Teacher Notes and all necessary chemicals and consumable supplies.

Complete for 30 students working in pairs. Super Value Kit is complete for 5 classes of 30 students working in pairs. Perform this experiment in a fume hood or well-ventilated lab.

Correlation to Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

Science & Engineering Practices

Developing and using models
Planning and carrying out investigations
Analyzing and interpreting data
Constructing explanations and designing solutions

Disciplinary Core Ideas

MS-PS1.A: Structure and Properties of Matter
MS-PS1.B: Chemical Reactions
HS-PS1.A: Structure and Properties of Matter
HS-PS1.B: Chemical Reactions
HS-PS2.B: Types of Interactions

Crosscutting Concepts

Stability and change
Energy and matter
Structure and function

Performance Expectations

MS-PS1-1: Develop models to describe the atomic composition of simple molecules and extended structures.
MS-PS1-2: Analyze and interpret data on the properties of substances before and after the substances interact to determine if a chemical reaction has occurred.
HS-PS1-1: Use the periodic table as a model to predict the relative properties of elements based on the patterns of electrons in the outermost energy level of atoms.
HS-PS1-2: Construct and revise an explanation for the outcome of a simple chemical reaction based on the outermost electron states of atoms, trends in the periodic table, and knowledge of the patterns of chemical properties.
HS-PS1-3: Plan and conduct an investigation to gather evidence to compare the structure of substances at the bulk scale to infer the strength of electrical forces between particles.