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Properties of Solids—Student Laboratory Kits

By: The Flinn Staff

With the Properties of Solids Chemistry Laboratory Kit, students examine the physical properties of five common solids and investigate the relationship between the type of bonding in a substance and its properties.

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What kinds of forces hold atoms together? How does the nature of the bonding force affect the properties of a material? Finding patterns in the properties of substances can help students understand how and why atoms join together to form compounds. In this experiment, students examine the physical properties of five common solids and investigate the relationship between the type of bonding in a substance and its properties. Includes reproducible student handouts, detailed background information, and Teacher Notes with sample data and answers to questions.

Complete for 30 students working in pairs. Super Value Kit is complete for 5 classes of 30 students working in pairs. Perform this experiment in a fume hood or well-ventilated lab.

Correlation to Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

Science & Engineering Practices

Developing and using models
Planning and carrying out investigations
Analyzing and interpreting data
Constructing explanations and designing solutions

Disciplinary Core Ideas

MS-PS1.A: Structure and Properties of Matter
HS-PS1.A: Structure and Properties of Matter

Crosscutting Concepts

Patterns
Scale, proportion, and quantity
Systems and system models
Structure and function
Stability and change

Performance Expectations

MS-PS1-2: Analyze and interpret data on the properties of substances before and after the substances interact to determine if a chemical reaction has occurred.
MS-PS1-5: Develop and use a model to describe how the total number of atoms does not change in a chemical reaction and thus mass is conserved.
HS-PS2-2: Use mathematical representations to support the claim that the total momentum of a system of objects is conserved when there is no net force on the system.
HS-PS1-4: Develop a model to illustrate that the release or absorption of energy from a chemical reaction system depends upon the changes in total bond energy.