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In the Exploring Groundwater Activity-Stations Laboratory Kit for environmental science, explore important concepts related to groundwater. Contains three activities, each focusing on a specific groundwater-related topic.

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Explore important concepts related to groundwater using this activity-station lab kit! Three “mini-lab” activities, each focusing on a specific groundwater-related principle or topic, are included:
• Permeability and Porosity—Students perform a measurement lab activity to determine and calculate the percent porosity and permeability of different soil samples.
• Groundwater Simulation Model—Students create and test a groundwater simulation model. Model features include confined aquifers, wells and both point and non-point pollution sources.
• Permeable Reactive Barriers—Students will observe the potential of using metallic iron to clean up contaminated groundwater via an oxidation–reduction reaction.

Each activity is a self-contained unit, and student groups may rotate through the stations in any order. Teacher Notes with complete sample data, comprehensive background information, reproducible student handouts and all chemicals and consumables needed to perform the activities are supplied. Activity-stations lab format lets you do more labs in less time!

Complete for six student groups.

Correlation to Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

Science & Engineering Practices

Developing and using models
Planning and carrying out investigations
Analyzing and interpreting data
Using mathematics and computational thinking
Constructing explanations and designing solutions

Disciplinary Core Ideas

MS-ESS2.C: The Roles of Water in Earth’s Surface Processes
MS-ESS3.C: Human Impacts on Earth Systems
HS-ESS3.C: Human Impacts on Earth Systems

Crosscutting Concepts

Patterns
Scale, proportion, and quantity
Systems and system models
Energy and matter

Performance Expectations

MS-ESS2-4. Develop a model to describe the cycling of water through Earth’s systems driven by energy from the sun and the force of gravity.
MS-ESS3-3. Apply scientific principles to design a method for monitoring and minimizing a human impact on the environment.
HS-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.