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Product 13442

By: The Flinn Staff

In the Elasticity of Gas Apparatus for physical science and physics, demonstrate the elasticity of gases. Plot volume versus pressure to approximate Boyle’s Law.

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Demonstrate the elasticity of gases using this simple instrument. Set a volume of gas in the piston, then use weights to pressurize the system. As the weights are added, the volume of gas is decreased. Students plot volume versus pressure to approximate Boyle’s law. Includes a six-page handout with a reproducible student laboratory handout.

Correlation to Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

Science & Engineering Practices

Using mathematics and computational thinking
Analyzing and interpreting data
Developing and using models
Obtaining, evaluation, and communicating information

Disciplinary Core Ideas

MS-PS1.A: Structure and Properties of Matter
MS-PS3.A: Definitions of Energy
HS-PS3.A: Definitions of Energy
HS-PS1.A: Structure and Properties of Matter

Crosscutting Concepts

Energy and matter
Cause and effect
Patterns
Systems and system models
Scale, proportion, and quantity

Performance Expectations

MS-PS1-2: Analyze and interpret data on the properties of substances before and after the substances interact to determine if a chemical reaction has occurred.
MS-PS1-4: Develop a model that predicts and describes changes in particle motion, temperature, and state of a pure substance when thermal energy is added or removed.
MS-PS3-4: Plan an investigation to determine the relationships among the energy transferred, the type of matter, the mass, and the change in the average kinetic energy of the particles as measured by the temperature of the sample.
HS-PS3-2: Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motion of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative position of particles (objects).
HS-PS3-4: Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that the transfer of thermal energy when two components of different temperature are combined within a closed system results in a more uniform energy distribution among the components in the system (second law of thermodynamics).