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Item #: AP7662

Price: $67.90

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The Separating a Synthetic Pain Relief Mixture Inquiry Lab Solution for AP® Chemistry explores physical properties of a synthetic mixture to determine its percent composition while integrating solubility and acid–base reaction concepts.

Includes access to exclusive FlinnPREP™ digital content to combine the benefits of classroom, laboratory and digital learning. Each blended learning lab solution includes prelab videos about concepts, techniques and procedures, summary videos that relate the experiment to the AP® exam, built-in student lab safety training with assessments, and standards-based, tested inquiry labs with real sample data. FlinnPREP™ Inquiry Lab Solutions are adaptable to you and how you teach with multiple ways to access and run your AP® labs.

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Item# EL6024 AP7662
Type Digital Content Only Lab Kit & Digital Content
Price $14.95 $67.90
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Product Details

Big Idea 3, Investigation 9, Primary Learning Objective 3.10

Most over-the-counter (OTC) drugs are mixtures of active drug ingredient(s) and binders with a variable composition. Investigate the physical properties of ingredients in a synthetic pain relief mixture and determine its percent composition.

In the introductory activity, students test the solubility of each possible OTC component in ethyl acetate and in an aqueous solution of sodium bicarbonate. Using these results, students design of a flow chart procedure to separate the components and determine the amount of each. Optional extension activities include varying the composition of the OTC mixtures and analyzing consumer samples. Students may also measure the melting points of the isolated components to confirm their identity.

This advanced inquiry lab integrates student understanding of solubility and acid–base chemical reactions. 

Complete for 24 students working in pairs. Perform this experiment in a fume hood or well-ventilated lab.

Specifications

Materials Included in Kit: 
Acetaminophen, 15 g
Acetylsalicylic acid, 15 g
Ethyl acetate, 200 mL, 4
Hydrochloric acid solution, 6 M, 250 mL, 2
Silica gel, 36–60 mesh, 5 g
Sodium bicarbonate solution, 10%, 300 mL, 2
Hydrion® 1–12 pH test strips

Additional Materials Required (for each lab group): 0.001-g precision balance (shared), beakers, boiling stones, capillary tubes (optional), Erlenmeyer flask, filter paper, funnel, graduated cylinder, hot plate, ice bath, magnetic stirrer and stir bar or stirring rod, melting point apparatus (optional), separatory funnel, spatula, support stand and ring clamp, test tubes, watch glasses, weighing dishes.

Additional Materials Required (for Pre-Lab Preparation): Beakers (to store pain relief mixtures), parafilm, stirring rod, weighing dishes.

*AP is a registered trademark of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.

Correlation to Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

Science & Engineering Practices

Developing and using models
Planning and carrying out investigations
Analyzing and interpreting data
Using mathematics and computational thinking

Disciplinary Core Ideas

HS-PS1.A: Structure and Properties of Matter

Crosscutting Concepts

Scale, proportion, and quantity
Structure and function

Performance Expectations

HS-PS1-3. Plan and conduct an investigation to gather evidence to compare the structure of substances at the bulk scale to infer the strength of electrical forces between particles.
HS-PS2-6. Communicate scientific and technical information about why the molecular-level structure is important in the functioning of designed materials.